A young teenager and student of Central School, Gol Dak Khana, New Delhi collapsed in morning assembly on August 17 and died instantaneously. The general impression in lay public is that it was heart attack which killed this boy.
Question asked by one of the mothers was — do the young children also get heart attack and die like this?
Actually, there are three known cardiac causes of such deaths at such young age:
1. Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy — a well known childhood disease in which cardiac muscle of left ventricle get over grown and may lead ultimately to sudden cardiac death.
2. Long QT syndrome — This is electrocardiographic abnormality which also may result into sudden heart death because of irregularity of heartbeat.
3. Congenital abnormality of coronary arteries which have abnormal origin and course and get trapped in between two great vessels in the heart.
4. Sometimes rupture of Berry aneurysms in brain may also result in sudden death.
The big question is can these conditions be diagnosed in early childhood. Yes, provided there is a system of school health check-up once in a year in every school at least when they are in class 8th or so. A conscientious physician can detect these abnormalities on physical examination and ECG. In suspicious cases echocardiographic examination provides a definitive clue.
Keeping the above in view National Heart Institute, East of Kailash, New Delhi has taken a small initiative of creating health awareness among school going children particularly about heart ailment in the NCR region schools in a humble way.
Prof Shridhar Dwivedi
Senior Consultant Cardiologist, National Heart Institute, New Delhi
Founding Dean/Principal, HIMSR, Jamia Hamdard (Retired)
HOD Medicine, Delhi University College of Medical Sciences & GTB Hospital (Retired)